A good source of plant seeds is to buy seeds from reputable seed vendors, says Arjun Dhar, the founder of Arjun Seeds, which is also a home-based organic gardening and seed supply business.
“If you buy seed from seed vendors you are saving money and you are getting a good supply of seeds,” he says.
“But you have to remember that some of the seed vendors don’t offer all the varieties of seeds you can get from the seed banks.”
Dhar’s seeds are sourced from the National Seed Company of India, which operates in Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru and Kolkata.
The company, founded in 1885, was once the largest seed seller in India.
Dhar says his business model has been to supply seed banks and seed suppliers with seed varieties that are both sustainable and high in yield.
“Most seed vendors do not buy from seed banks,” he explains.
“We buy the seeds from seed suppliers.”
For farmers who prefer to plant their own seeds, a good option is to use seeds that are grown in the region where they live.
For example, the local farmer can buy seeds that were grown in Jharkhand, India’s commercial hub, or from farmers who grow the variety locally.
But Dhar points out that many farmers in India do not grow their own varieties of trees.
For these farmers, Dhar recommends buying from a seed bank.
“You can buy seed that is grown by the local farmers, and then you can use that seed to grow your own varieties,” he adds.
Farmers are also encouraged to plant the same variety of seeds across different parts of their farm to ensure the same seed variety is available in different areas.
Seeds can be planted at different times of the year, as well as in different locations.
Dhal says that some farmers who do not like to spend money on seed can also plant their seeds in a separate place and then store them in a container at different seasons.
“In India, you can buy different seeds, but there is no good way to store them at different locations,” he notes.
“When you plant seeds at different places, you have less of them available at any one place.”
He also says that planting seeds in the same area of the same field is best for seedlings.
“A seedling will sprout from one location and die in the next location,” he explained.
If a farmer has to buy a variety of seed, it is usually the same as the one that was planted at the seed bank, and the farmer can purchase the seeds for their own use. “
The seed bank will have different varieties of seed for you to choose from,” he added.
If a farmer has to buy a variety of seed, it is usually the same as the one that was planted at the seed bank, and the farmer can purchase the seeds for their own use.
The seed bank has to ensure that the seed varieties are sustainable and produce good yields.
“These seeds have to be safe,” says Dhar.
“They have to have certain characteristics that are good for the environment and for the crop.
You can’t put any of these seeds in your garden without having the seed tested by a professional.”
The best seed variety for a garden is the one grown in a local region, such as a district, which has the variety in mind, Dhal explains.
The seeds have a natural tendency to flower, and they can help to provide a healthy crop that will not have any problems with pests.
“I think that it is important that a farmer who wants to grow their garden needs to know about the variety of the seeds that is being used,” he said.
The best way for a farmer to find the best seed varieties for his or her farm is to look at different local regions, Dhan says.
The farmers should also visit the seedbank and ask questions about the varieties that they are choosing to grow.
“Look at what the farmer is getting from the farm,” he advises.
“What kind of crop are they getting?”
Dhar also recommends that a person should buy the same varieties of each type of seed that they have grown before, to avoid purchasing seeds that have been grown in different parts.
“It is better to buy from a farmer, rather than buying seeds from a different seed bank,” he concludes.
The key to a healthy seed stock is not to buy only the same seeds from different seed banks, Dha says.
A good farmer should also try to find other seed banks who are willing to stock his or his family’s seed varieties.
“Seeds can grow for many years without any change,” Dhar said.
“There is a lot of potential for different varieties, and if you plant the right variety of that variety you can grow it for many, many years.”